Monday, 11 March 2019

What is DRM?

11.03.2019 - Disasters do not simply appear without warning. They occur regularly and have a discrete life cycle. This cycle is matched by a series of management phases: establishing hazard mitigation strategies, preparing for and responding to emergencies, and recovering from the after-effects.

Disaster Risk Management (DRM) can be viewed as the process of designing and implementing policies and measures to both improve the understanding of disaster risk and promote disaster risk reduction by pro-actively engaging an organization in all phases of disaster management (pre and post-event). It is a continuous and dynamic process that has five major components: risk prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery.
DRM mainly aims at reducing vulnerability to risks across all levels by developing and strengthening procedures and capabilities that enhance the overall resilience of an organization.
While some natural disasters may be on a very large scale, such as a hurricane or a tsunami, most are more local. For example, localized floods destroy postal offices every year. It is important to design a DRM programme that is flexible and scalable to accommodate both large scale and local events. That way, the investment in time, training and the tools provided will be the same.
More information about the UPU’s DRM actions
The UPU has developed a Guide to disaster risk management for the postal sector, “Building Resilience”, which is a comprehensive manual for postal operators that provides basic knowledge about natural disasters, covers the most important aspects of DRM and an easy-to-use emergency procedures checklist.
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