Sunday, 13 January 2019

Happy Makar Sankranti

Provision of Reservation of Economically Weaker Sections of Citizens

Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

President of India gives assent to The Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) ACT, 2019

Posted On: 12 JAN 2019 8:53PM by PIB Delhi
The President of India has given assent to the Constitution (One Hundred and Third) Amendment Act, 2019 today. This Act may be called the Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019. It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint. The Gazette Notification is enclosed herewith.



(TO BE ANSWERED ON 02.01.2019)



Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government is proposing to have a new system introduced to assess the integrity and reputation of bureaucrats on the basis of which promotion is given;

(b) if so, the services that are going to be considered and from when this is likely to be introduced;

(c) whether there is a proposal to send these guidelines to the States; and

(d) if so, the details thereof?



(a) to (d): Promotions are given in accordance with the provisions in the Recruitment Rules / Service Rules for the respective posts. The consolidated guidelines on Departmental Promotion Committees (DPC) for making recommendations in regard to fitness of officials for promotion have been issued vide Department of Personnel & Training’s OM No. 22011/5/1986-Estt.(D) dated 10.04.1989. The policy contained in this OM with regard to Benchmark, assessment of fitness, sealed cover procedure in respect of officers under cloud, zone of consideration for promotion, and other related matters has been reviewed and amended from time to time. The important amendments made in the promotion guidelines during past three years are as under:

i.          OM No. 22011/3/2013-Estt. (D) dated 25/01/2016 regarding promotion of Government Servants exonerated after retirement-procedure and Guidelines to be followed.

ii.         OM No. 22011/4/2007-Estt. (D) dated 21/11/2016 regarding Guidelines on treatment of effect of penalties on promotion – role of Departmental Promotion Committee.

iii.        OM No. 22011/4/2013-Estt.(D) dated 08/05/2017 regarding procedure to be observed by the Departmental Promotion Committees(DPCs) – Model Calendar for DPCs -relevant year up to which APARs are to be considered and Model Calendar for conducting DPCs and crucial date for eligibility.

iv.        OM No. 22011/3/2013-Estt. (D) dated 15/11/2018 regarding promotion of Government servants found fit by review DPC after retirement – procedure and guidelines to be followed.

These instructions are applicable to all Central Government Civilian Employees and Central Services except Railways Services and services under the control of the Department of Atomic Energy, the erstwhile Department of Electronics, the Department of Space and the Scientific and Technical Services under the Department of Defence Research and Development.

The state services are under Schedule VII of Constitution and States are empowered to make rules under Article 309 in respect of services and posts under them.

Saturday, 12 January 2019

UPU looks back to move forward

11.01.2019 - Last year saw the Universal Postal Union continue to redefine itself for the 21st Century and reaffirm its pivotal role as the global voice of the international postal network. Here are some of the highlights.

Seeing Eye to Eye
Whether signing a groundbreaking trade facilitation agreement with the Moroccan government or a trailblazing memorandum of understanding with the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) to help halt the opium tide, UPU strengthened its strategic partnerships in 2018.
UPU and Morocco inked the agreement in April and will implement the pilot programme over the next two years. Thanks to the agreement, the UPU can test and improve the project before rolling out the programme to other countries globally.
The April plenary session of the Postal Operations Council witnessed an agreement with INCB on deadly opioids. INCB and the UPU agreed to promote technical assistance and share information on trends and patterns in drug movements, as well as alerts on concerned substances, among other activities. The new agreement takes place against the background of a spiraling epidemic in overdose deaths, especially in the United States, fueled by powerful fentanyl-related substances that can be 50 times deadlier than heroin.
Facilitating greater cooperation on international carriage of postal items, UPU signed an agreement in January with the Intergovernmental Organization for International Carriage by Rail formalizing ties between the two organizations. 
UPU Director General Bishar A. Hussein and Ethiopian Minister of Innovation and Technology Getahun Mekuria, in December, signed a cooperation agreement in Ethiopia to develop an e-commerce hub for East Africa under the UPU’s Ecom@Africa initiative. UPU is offering expert advice to Ethiopia on the project’s design and implementation.
Include me, do not exclude me!
Financial inclusion was another significant topic area where UPU helped drive the agenda forward in 2018. In March, the organization’s financial inclusion and e-commerce experts took part in the World Summit on the Information Society or WSIS. Nearly 2 billion people still have no access to financial services. The result: crippling financial exclusion for small businesses and millions of people, many of them women, in rural areas. With more than 670,000 outlets reaching some of the world’s remotest areas, the Post is a perfect partner for expanding financial inclusion.
Further proof of UPU’s commitment to reducing financial exclusion’s impact came in December at UNCTAD’s Africa eCommerce Week. In a speech, Mr. Hussein announced the UPU would roll out digital financial services projects reaching as many as 800,000 people under its Financial Inclusion Technical Assistance Facility—FITAF—in 2019.
Diplomacy and the global art of engagement
Winning over heads of state, convincing governments about the ability of postal operators to contribute to national economies are crucial elements of the work undertaken by UPU’s senior officials. In 2018, Mr. Hussein undertook exhaustive travel to spread UPU’s message that posts have crucial roles to play in eCommerce and digitalization.
During June, he travelled to Fiji and met with the country’s Acting Prime Minister and Attorney General, Mr. Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum to invite Fiji and other countries in the region to increase their role in UPU. He then met the President of Vanuatu, Pastor Obed Moses Tallis in Post Villa, the country’s commercial capital. President Tallis called upon the UPU membership to encourage the participation of small island nations in the organization’s discussions and said many of the small islands are unable to pay their membership contributions.
On a July mission to Saint Lucia, the UPU Chief and Deputy Director General Pascal Clivaz stressed financial inclusion as a business imperative for the Caribbean region. Later that same month, Mr. Hussein and Mr. Clivaz met with Viet Nam’s Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam. The Deputy Prime Minister said the government was using the postal services to deliver a variety of services to the citizens, especially in remote parts of the country. In Madagascar, the UPU head spoke at the Fifth Extraordinary Session of the Pan African Postal Union, and met with President Rajaonarimampianina for a wide-ranging discussion on postal matters and related issues.
Reaching out, drawing audiences in
High profile events are essential for underscoring UPU’s global activities and generating partnerships and cooperation among postal operators and the wider United Nations. One of UPU’s premier events, the World CEO Forum, was held together with Turkish Post in Istanbul in May. The Forum brought together the world's postal CEOs to discuss new strategies and trends and developments in the postal sector. 
At the first session of the UPU World CEO Forum, Mr.  Hussein said of the international postal network, "We adopt, we embrace," he said. The real question, noted Mr. Hussein, is: “How quickly can we adopt new technology and how can we improve e-commerce?” Similar themes were also discussed at UPU`s Second Extraordinary Congress in Addis Ababa in September. “This is the first time a UPU Congress has been held on the continent of Africa. We are glad it is taking place in Ethiopia; the cradle of mankind, the country of very rich cultures and friendly people,” the UPU head said at the opening.     
Ministers in charge of the postal sector, chiefs of regulatory authorities, heads of intergovernmental agencies and other high-level representatives of organizations came to together to discuss trends in the postal sector at a Ministerial Strategy Conference held during the Extraordinary Congress.
At the end of the Extraordinary Congress, countries agreed improvements enhancing UPU’s efficiency, as well as its role and relevance. In his own statement at the closing ceremony of the Second Extraordinary Congress, Mr. Clivaz said, “Several years ago as you will recall, we crafted a vision for the Union in the Nairobi Postal Strategy, once again positioning the postal sector as an essential component of economic development. The UPU is now on the radar of even the most powerful leaders around the globe.”
In October, the UPU celebrated World Post Day with two high profile events. UPU presented awards to the top-ranking countries in its comparative development index. Switzerland took the top prize in a ceremony hosted at UPU’s Berne, Switzerland, headquarters.
The Integrated Index for Postal Development, released earlier in the year is a comparative index providing an overview of postal development around the world, using UPU’s unparalleled collection of postal big data to create a ranking of 173 countries. It benchmarks performance across four key dimensions: reliability, reach, relevance and resilience.
Mr. Clivaz said in a keynote speech at the ceremony, “The Integrated Index for Postal Development or ‘2IPD’ clearly shows the state of the sector in an age of digitalization and booming e-commerce. It also shows how the UPU is accompanying Posts in this new world.” Later on the same day, UPU celebrated the International Letter Writing Competition won by 13-year old Chara Phoka’s letter depicting the brutality of conflict and migrant smuggling. She received a gold medal during a moving ceremony at the UPU’s headquarters.
Mr. Clivaz said in a statement congratulating Ms. Phoka, “The message is therefore not only a letter of our times, but also a lesson for our times: We must not give up on the “greatness of human life,” we must not give up our humanity, and we must not give up our hope…” The theme of this year’s competition was, “Imagine you are a letter travelling through time. What message do you wish to convey to your readers?”
On the following day, on the margins of the highly successful Post-Expo in Hamburg, Germany, UPU held its World Postal Business Forum. This year, the forum tackled some of the tough issues confronting the international postal network under the banner “Dealing with challenges, while seizing opportunities in the digital age.”
Exploring the impact of data protection and privacy laws on postal services and e-commerce markets was the topic of a high-profile conference in Berne in late October. Mr. Hussein said in his opening remarks, “As there have been many issues and challenges in data protection and privacy, new laws and regulations have been passed in order to cope with the new environment.”
Remittances and postal innovation
June saw UPU celebrate the International Day of Family Remittances. The world’s international postal network was founded on a universal service obligation—the concept of providing a network of networks for delivering letters and parcels to everyone on this planet. With Posts already delivering a public service, there is a real opportunity for them to harness existing operations to ensure that families everywhere can access financial services.  
As part of his work to empower postal operators to deliver innovation, the UPU Director General praised the “unique model” of the East African Communications Organization and called on Posts to embrace e-commerce opportunities. “Through innovation, the Post has taken advantage of technology to roll out new services. The new services, coupled with its large physical network and years of experience with customer services, have made it possible for the Post to remain competitive in the market,” said Mr. Hussein.  
Greening the blue
In December, the United Nations released its most recent environmental sustainability report, entitled Greening the Blue. The report outlines the environmental footprint of the entire UN system, providing details for each UN agency, including the UPU. Formerly known as Moving Towards a Climate Neutral UN, the report looks at greenhouse gas emissions, offsetting, waste, and environmental management.
As part of the Sustainable United Nations (SUN) group, the UPU continues to support the environment by applying a systematic approach to reducing its environmental footprint and by taking additional measures such as choosing video and teleconferences over flights for work purposes and joining the UN Green Champions initiative.

Friday, 11 January 2019

Cyber Crime Reporting Portal​


This portal is an initiative of Government of India under National Mission for the safety of women by utilising Nirbhaya funds, to facilitate victims/complainants to report cybercrime complaints online. At present this portal caters to complaints pertaining to online Child Pornography (CP)/ Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) or sexually explicit content such as Rape/Gang Rape (CP/RGR) content.
Complaints reported on this portal are dealt by respective police authorities of States/ UTs based on the information in the complaints provided by the complainants. 
Option for anonymous reporting of CP/RGR content has been provided on this portal as per the direction of Hon'ble Supreme Court under the matter of Suo Motu Writ Petition no.3/2015.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What kind of information, will I have to provide for reporting my complaint?

Ans.In case of anonymous complaints – you do not need to provide any personal information. However, information related to the incident / complaint should be complete for the police authorities to take necessary action.
In-case you opt for “Report and Track” option - Information fields with a red asterisk marks (*) are mandatory. It is very important that the police authorities receive complete information related to the complaint. Therefore, you will need to provide key information such as your name, phone number, email address, details of the incident/ complaint and necessary information supporting the complaint, etc.
You will need to register yourself using your valid Indian mobile number. You will receive a One Time Password (OTP) that will be used to verify your phone number. The OTP is valid for 30 minutes. Once you successfully register your mobile number on the portal, you will be able to report the complaint.

Q. Which state shall I select while reporting an incident/ complaint?

Ans.When reporting an Anonymous complaint, the victims’ location/ state where the incident has happened should be selected. If it is a report pertaining to website hosting CP/RGR content, complainant can select his/her state.
In case you are reporting a complaint through the “Report and Track” option, you may either choose your location (If you are victim) or the victim’s location/ state where the incident has happened. As a responsible citizen you should use “Report and Track” option for reporting the incident/ crime, since it would help the Law enforcement agencies to contact you for further details.

Q. What is the purpose of Cybercrime portal?

Ans.This portal is an initiative of Government of India to facilitate victims/complainants to report cybercrime complaints online. At present this portal caters to complaints pertaining to online Child Pornography (CP)-Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) or sexually explicit content such as Rape/Gang Rape (CP/RGR) content. The portal also provides an option of reporting an anonymous complaint, where complainants are not required to disclose their identity.

Q. What is CSAM? 

Ans.Child sexually abusive material (CSAM) refers to material containing sexual image in any form, of a child who is abused or sexually exploited.
Section 67 (B) of IT Act states that “it is punishable for publishing or transmitting of material depicting children in sexually explicit act, etc. in electronic form”.

Q. How can I file the complaints about other cybercrimes?

Ans.At this stage, complaints related to online content containing Child Pornography, Child Sexual Abuse Material, Sexually explicit content such as Rape, Gang Rape can be reported through this portal. In case of other cybercrimes, you may contact your local police station or your state cybercrime cell.

Q. What action will be taken if complainant reports any false complaint/information?

Ans.False information provided by complainant may lead to penal action as per law.

Q. Apart from this portal, are there any alternative ways to remove objectionable content from social media websites?

Ans.Yes, most of the social media website like Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and Instagram etc. have the option of reporting or flagging the objectionable contents. The social media platforms may take appropriate action based on the contents reported to them as per their content policy.

Q. What happens once I report a complaint? 

Ans.The complaints reported on the portal will be handled by the concerned state police authorities based on your selection of state while reporting the complaint.

Q. Can I check the status of my complaint?

Ans.Yes, if you have reported the complaint using “Report and Track” option available on the portal. The complainant will receive a tracking number which can be used to track the progress of the complaint by clicking on “check status” option on the portal.

Q. Can I report a complaint without uploading any information?

Ans.It is recommended that you provide as much information about the incident as possible so that the police authorities working on the complaint are able to take appropriate action. It is recommended that you upload the evidence with your complaint which would help police authorities for prompt action. However, you can also report a complaint by providing information like website address, e-mail address, WhatsApp number etc.

Deputation of PA at PTC Saharanpur

Procedure for booking of air-tickets on LTC - Compliance of instructions regarding.

Submission of Annual Immovable Property Return( AIPR) by Group 'A' officers of Department of Posts for the year ending 2018 (as on 01.01.2019) Placing in Public domain.

Tobacco free Government Buildings/Offices

Click Here to view the complete circular

Thursday, 10 January 2019

International EMS Merchandise

S B Order No. 01 / 2019 : Intra Operable Netbanking for POSB Saving Accounts

Click Here to view the complete Order.

Two days’ Countrywide General Strike Working Class of lndia Rises In A Tide Against Modi Government’s Policies

K Hemalata
President CITU

The magnificent country wide general strike on 8-9 January 2019 reflected the tide of people’s anger against the anti worker, anti people and anti national neoliberal policies pursued by the BJP led government at the centre. It surpassed, in its sweep and depth, even the earlier two massive general strikes, on 2nd September 2015 and 2016 held during this Modi government’ regime.

The participation of workers in the general strike across sectors and the massive support and solidarity it received from all cross sections of people across the country indicate the growing resentment of people against the government. The national organisations of the peasants and agricultural workers, dalits, adivasis etc,. extended active support and called for a ‘grameen bandh’ bringing rural India to a standstill. The retired employees’ organisations also have actively campaigned for and supported the strike.       

Full reports of the strike have not been received. Below is the information as up to the afternoon of 9th January.

The strike in Assam was unprecedented. All the tea gardens were closed. Refineries were closed. Workers, both permanent and contract workers picketed and demonstrated outside several refineries. Workers along with fraternal mass organisations of peasants, agricultural workers, students, women etc held rail roko all over the state. Police arrested hundreds of activists including Tapan Sharma, general secretary of the state committee of CITU.

The strike received massive response from the working class in Bihar. Road transport was totally paralyzed. Scheme workers, construction workers, beedi workers participated in the strike and held huge rallies in Samastipur, Khagaria, Darbhanga, Jamui, Begusarai and other districts. Roads were blocked in Samastipur, Katihar etc. The state bandh called by the Left parties in support of the strike, on the issues of peasants and agricultural workers and against the deteriorating law and order situation in the state, on 9th January was total.

The industrial workers and employees in NCR Delhi joined the strike in a big way. Only 5 workers joined duty in the public sector CEL. The industrial areas of Okhla 3 phases, Naraina, Mayapuri, Mongolpuri 2 phases, Udyognagar, Nangloi, Wazirpur, GT Karnal Road, Badlhi, Rajasthanpuri, Bhorgarh etc, were totally closed. Workers struck work and marched in processions which culminated in rallies in different industrial areas. Around 2000 to 3000 workers participated in each rally. Teachers and students of Delhi University and Jawaharlal Nehru University joined the strike en masse. Universities were closed.

Gujarat, home state of Prime Minister Modi, witnessed such a joint strike of workers for the first time in many decades. The trade unions took up extensive joint campaign. Engineering workers in Baroda, Surat, Bhavnagar, Rajkot, Junagarh, Ahmedabad, most of them not organised under any trade union joined the strike in large numbers. Despite the threats of victimisation from the BJP government in the state, anganwadi employees and ASHAs joined the strike and held massive demonstrations in most of the districts in the state. For the first time midday meal workers joined the strike. BMS campaigned extensively against the strike calling it a ‘political strike’. Despite this, anganwadi employees affiliated to the BMS union in 3 ICDS projects in the state joined the strike and also the demonstrations held on the occasion. Big rallies were held in 8 cities – Ahmedabad, Surat, Rajkot, Junagarh, Baroda, Anand and Palanpur. Around 3000 to 8000 workers participated in each.

The modern industrial area of Gurgaon in Haryana witnessed good response of the workers to the strike. Hero Honda declared 3 days’ holiday. Except Maruti, most of the big industries including Honda remained closed. Workers in all the smaller industries in the area struck work and joined rallies. A huge joint rally of industrial workers was held on 8th January. Workers in govt sector, roadways and unorganised sector like brick-kiln, forest, village chowkidar, construction etc joined the strike in a big way.

Strike in Rajasthan in different industries, both in organised and unorganised sector has been quite noticeable despite severe police repression on the striking workers in the MNC dominated industrial area in Neemrana. There have been numerous demonstrations and procession by the striking workers along with others throughout the state.

The scheme workers, MGNREGA workers, Hydel project workers as well as industrial workers in Himachal Pradesh participated in the strike. Huge rallies with mostly women workers were held in several district headquarters.

Despite the difficult political situation in the state, unorganized sector workers and scheme workers participated in the strike in thousands in Jammu and Kashmir. Interstate bus services were off the road. A procession with the participation of scheme workers, railway contract workers, construction workers, coal mine workers, hydro project workers, vendors, middle class employees etc was held in Jammu. Protest demonstrations were held in almost all the districts in the Kashmir valley.

The industrial areas of Bokaro, Ranchi, Adityapur, Gamharia in Jarkhand were almost closed due to the strike. Pharmaceutical industry was closed. Beedi workers and stone quarry workers in Pakur, Sahebganj and Chatra and Bauxite workers in Lohardaga were in total strike as were the workers in the copper mines and industry.
Over 30 lakh workers, including industrial workers, public sector, government, bank, insurance, BSNL etc employees, scheme workers and unorganized sector workers, participated in the strike in Karnataka. There was total strike in public road transport; autos were off the road in Bengaluru. All the permanent workers in multinational corporations Toyota Kirloskar, Volvo buses and trucks, Coca Cola etc participated in the strike. Strike was total in the industrial areas of Bengaluru, Mysuru etc.

Despite the large scale disturbances sought to be created by the BJP against entry of women of all ages to the temple in Sabarimala, joint campaign was extensively conducted all over Kerala with an effort to reach every nook and corner of the state. Strike was total. Workers and members of other mass organisations picketed trains at 32 points. Train traffic was disrupted and several trains had to be cancelled. Trivandrum, Cochin and Kozhikode airport ground handling staff were on strike causing disruption of flights. Because of the campaign, people extended support to the strike. There were very few passengers in the buses and trains. Thousands of workers have gathered at the 483 strike centres which have been opened across the state. These centres were active for entire 48 hours duration of strike throughout day and night.

In addition to the total participation of Anganwadi employees, ASHAs and midday meal workers in the strike in Madhya Pradesh, thousands of workers in private industries, particularly cement industry participate in the strike. Strike was total in all the cement units where CITU had affiliated unions. In addition it was near total in Hitech and 75% in Heavy Engineering Workers. Workers in the industrial clusters in Indore, Neemuch etc,. and the contract workers in NFIL joined the strike. Though most of the road transport workers are not organised under any trade union, the extensive campaign by the CITU state committee resulted in massive participation of road transport workers with transport being seriously affected in 22 districts in the state, where no passenger buses could run. In Bhopal, 70% of the buses could not operate and 80% of city buses were stopped in depots. Even under government pressure, only 15% - 20% buses were operated. Strike in the coal mines in the state was also massive.

With the total participation of the transport workers in BEST (Bombay Electricity Supply and Transport) in the strike, bus services were off the road in Mumbai. There was total strike by workers in multinational companies like BOSCH, CEAT, Crompton, Samsonite etc. Thousands of permanent and contract workers of Reliance Industries also joined the strike. The industrial areas in Pune, Nashik, Aurangabad, Kolhapur, Icchalkaranji were seriously affected due to the strike. Highways were blocked in many places. A massive rally planned jointly in Solapur could not be held as police denied permission because of Prime Minister’s visit to the city on that day.

Manipur bore a deserted look due to the massive strike. Vehicular traffic was totally stopped; educational institutions shut down and examinations were postponed. All the major markets were closed. Road blocks and demonstrations were held in many places.

There was a bandh like situation in Odisha. Road transport was totally off. Strike was 80% in cement and engineering industries. The strike in the public sector units like NALCO, Port and Dock and Indian Oil was over 80%. Scheme workers totally participated in the strike. Unorganised sector workers held rasta roko and rail roko in several places. All political parties including the ruling BJD, except BJP supported the strike.

Strike was total among the PUNBUS employees and electricity employees in Punjab and Chandigarh. Workers in the industrial areas of Ludhiana including Hero cycles, the cement factories in Bathinda, industries in Amritsar went on strike. Contract employees in private hospitals were on strike throughout the state. Scheme workers joined the strike en masse and participated in thousands in the demonstrations, rallies and rasta roko across the state.

Strike in Tamil Nadu was immense. Pondicherry witnessed a total bandh like situation with all sectors being paralysed. Over 85% of the public sector Salem steel plant employees, 70% of the BHEL employees were on strike. Workers in Neyveli Lignite, Tuticorin port and Salem Chemplast also joined the strike. The textile industry including the cooperative spinning mills, power looms, NTC mills were affected. 50% of the workers in the engineering industry were on strike. Workers in Madras Export Processing Zone also went on strike. Manufacturing units in north and south Chennai were closed. Loading and unloading were stopped. Workers in several railway goods sheds were on strike. Majority of the total markets in the state witnessed total strike. 80% electricity employees were on strike. Bill collection was closed in 90% centres. There was total strike in Thiruvallur thermal plant. 85% autos were off the road. Tea, rubber and coffee plantation workers including those in big estates went on strike. Street vendors also joined. Many other industries including the famous knitwear industry in Tiruppur, chemical industry, Salt Corporation, Ashok Leyland, tanneries, Tasmac, sugar, etc witnessed massive strike. Scheme workers joined. Beedi factories in 67 villages and towns were closed. Crackers and construction workers were on strike. 80% of autos were off the road.
Over 21 lakh workers and employees in Telangana participated in the strike. Strike was total in the automobile manufacturing units and breweries and distilleries and 80% in the engineering units in the industrial areas in Hyderabad and surrounding districts. 90% of the contract workers in NTPC joined the strike. Over 65% scheme workers joined the strike despite the threats and intimidation by the TRS government and its administration. ​

In Agartala in Tripura, despite the use of force, BJP government could manage to get only 30% of the shops opened and around 30% of buses to operate. Almost same has been the situation in many other districts of the state. Teachers attended schools but there were no students.

The main participants in the strike in Uttarakhand were the anganwadi employees and midday meal workers in addition to the government employees. In some places hotel workers, contract and outsourcing workers, work charged employees also participated. However, rallies were held in all the districts.

East India Pharmaceuticals, Britannia and other big industries in Kolkata were closed due to the strike in West Bengal. There was total strike in the jute mills with all except one being closed as well as in the engineering industry despite the terror by the Trinamool goons. There was no loading in trucks. Passenger and goods transport by in the state were practically out off roads. There was total strike in the industrial areas in 24 Paraganas, Hooghly, and Howrah. In tea garden workers in Jalpaiguri, Alipurduar and Dinajpur were on strike and participated in Rasta roko demonstrations. There was good strike in coal and steel in the state. 60% of the permanent workers in Calcutta port were on strike. 70% of street vendors in Kolkata joined the strike. Universities and colleges remained closed with the lecturers and students joining the strike. Despite attck unleashed by Police and Trinamool Congress goons on the striking workers in the state, it was resisted by the workers along with democratic people from all walks of lives throughout the state heroically.   Police arrested hundreds of activists and leaders including Anadi Sahu, general secretary of the CITU state committee.

Participation of workers in the major industries in this strike all over the country was quite high compared to the earlier strikes.

The overall participation of strike in the coal industry was around 70%- 75%. Production and dispatch almost collapsed. Both permanent and contract workers joined the strike in almost all the big projects including the outsourced projects.

Thirty lakh electricity workers, employees and engineers in the power sector joined the strike across the country at the call of the National Coordination Committee of Electricity Employees and Engineers.

The strike in the oil sector was unprecedented, particularly in Assam. Employees in various refineries in Assam joined the strike and picketed offices. Oil workers of 3 out of the 4 unions in Kochi refinery joined the strike despite the management getting a court order banning the strike. Contract workers participated along with the permanent employees. Overall, strike in the petroleum sector has been substantive in the eastern, north-eastern and southern India while it was partial in western and northern part.

There was good strike in the steel industry with near total strike in Vizag steel, Salem steel and Bhadravati. In Rourkela steel permanent workers joined the strike and picketed the plant and strike was around 50% on the whole. Contract workers joined the strike en masse. The strike in other steel plants viz., Bokaro, Bhilai and Durgapur was partial.

Strike was partial in the ports as some of the major unions did not join the strike in some of the major ports. But cargo handling was affected in Paradip, Tuticorin, Kolkata, Haldia, Visakhapatnam and Cochin ports.

Road transport was highly affected creating a bandh like situation in many states in the country. An estimated 3.5 crore transport workers and small owners participated in the strike. The strike in the road transport sector was total with the participation of workers in public and private passenger and goods transport including autos in Kerala, Bihar, Odisha, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Strike was over 80% in West Bengal. Strike had serious impact in Punjab, several districts of Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Jharkhand.

Construction workers participated in the strike in a big way as well as in the demonstrations in the entire country. Plantation workers, tea, coffee, rubber, joined the strike en masse in Assam, West Bengal, Kerala and in large numbers in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

In addition to the industrial workers, the strike saw massive participation of employees in the service sectors also.

Women scheme workers in all states including where the trade union movement was weak, participated not only in the strike but in the demonstrations all over the country. They lent visibility to the strike even in places where no other trade union existed.

Strike among insurance employees was near total all over the country. Lakhs of bank employees including the officers in the Regional Rural Banks, Cooperative Banks, Reserve Bank and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) participated in the strike at the call of All India Bank Employees’ Association (AIBEA) and Bank Employees’ Federation of India (BEFI).

Around 13 lakh central government employees joined the strike across the country as per the call given by the Confederation of Central Government Employees and Workers. The strike was total in the postal and income tax departments. In addition employees of Audit and Accounts, Civil Accounts, Atomic Energy, Geological Survey of India, Customs and Central Excise, Survey of India, Botanical Survey of India, Central Ground Water Board, Postal Accounts, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Printing and Stationery, Indian Bureau of Mines, AGMARK, Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS), Medical Stores Depots, Film Division of India, Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Central Food Processing Laboratory, Census Department, National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), Defence Accounts, Rehabilitation Department, Central Public Works Department (CPWD), Institute of Physics, LNCPE, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute of Medical Sciences, Canteen Employees, Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO), Passport Department, and various other autonomous and scientific research institutes participated in the two days’ strike. The strike among central government employees was total in Kerala, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Haryana, Assam and other North Eastern states including Tripura. In all other states 60%-80% employees participated in the strike.

State government employees in many states joined the strike in a big way. While the strike was 90% in Kerala, around 80% of state government employees in Haryana and several other states joined the strike. In Uttar Pradesh over 60% employees were on strike while it was 40% in Himachal Pradesh.

Strike in BSNL was total in Kerala, West Bengal and the north eastern states and partial in other states.

In many states retired employees, including EPS 95 pensioners extended solidarity and support to the strike by joining the demonstrations and rallies.

Huge demonstrations and rallies were held in all the states in the industrial centres and district headquarters with the participation of thousands of workers in each. Industrial workers, middle class employees, scheme workers and unorganised workers participated in these in large numbers. Thousands of workers were arrested across the country including in Assam, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal etc.

Particularly significant in the strike was the enormous solidarity and support extended by the various sections of people – the peasants, agricultural workers, women, youth and students etc. In addition, the organisations of tribals, dalits etc also supported the strike. Thousands of members of these organisations and their national and state leaders directly participated in the demonstrations, rallies, rasta roko and rail roko all over the country.

True to its commitment to the divisive ideology as a member of the sangh parivar, and ever loyal to its fraternal political wing the BJP, the BMS tried to confuse and divide the workers nursing illusions to weaken the strike. The BMS, which was involved in preparing the joint charter of demands of the central trade unions when it was part of the joint trade union movement, now finds the demands to be ‘political’. It had no problem in participating in struggles including strikes when the Congress led UPA government was in power. But, with the BJP in power, even when the government is fast carrying forward the anti worker amendment to the labour laws to trample labour rights underfoot, totally ignoring the suggestions of the central trade unions, neglecting the tripartite bodies, BMS strangely finds the government to be ‘positive’ to workers’ demands. It gathered a few breakaway groups of central trade unions and created a platform, opposed the strike and actively campaigned against the strike. But the working class of the country totally rejected its hypocritical manoeuvres. These attempts in fact boomeranged as the magnificent two days’ strike clearly showed the participation of their own ranks in the strike in several states.

What is required now is to take the struggle against the neoliberal policies forward and heighten and intensify it by strengthening the unity of the entire working class and the unity of the working class with the all the other sections of toiling masses.